Senin, 07 September 2009

Step By Step Computers Assembling

Step By Step Computers Assembling ...

The following will be discussed on how to assemble a computer, especially for those just learning .. from some references that I learned .. then the following will be explained step by step how to install the computer, hopefully useful .. Red. deden

Components of computer assemblers are available on the market with a variety of quality and price options. By assembling their own computers, we can determine the types of components, capabilities and facilities of the computer according kebutuhan.Tahapan in computer assembly consists of:

A. Preparation
B. Assembly
C. Testing
D. Handling Problems


Good preparation will facilitate the assembly of computers and avoid possible problems related timbul.Hal in preparation include:

1. Computer Configuration Determination
2. Kompunen preparation and equipment
3. Security

Computer Configuration Determination

Computer configuration relates to the determination of the components and features of the computer and how all components can work as a computer system component kita.Penentuan suit starts from processor type, motherboard and other components. Factors suitability or compatibility of the components of the motherboard should be noted, because each type of motherboard supports the processor type, memory modules, ports and I / O bus different.

Preparation Components and Equipment

Computer components and assembly equipment to be prepared for the assembly prepared in advance to facilitate assembly. Equipment is prepared consisting of:

* Components of computer
* Completeness components such as cables, screws, jumpers, bolts and so on
* Books and reference manuals from component
* Aids in the form of a flat screwdriver and philips

Operating system software, device drivers and application programs.

The book takes as a reference manual for the position of the diagram mengatahui connection elements (connectors, ports and slots) and element configuration (jumpers and switches) and how to set jumpers and switches are suitable for computer or CD Software dirakit.Diskette required to install operating system, device drivers from the device, and application programs on a computer that is assembled.


Necessary precautions to avoid problems such as damage to components by static electrical charges, falls, excessive heat or damage due to spillage cairan.Pencegahan static electricity by:

* Use anti-static wrist or touch the metal surface on the chassis before handling components to remove static charge.
* No direct touching electronic components, connectors or circuit path but holding on metal or plastic bodies found in the component.


Stage of the process on a computer assembly consists of:

1. Preparation motherboard
2. Installing processor
3. Installing heatsink
4. Installing Memory Modules
5. install the motherboard on the chassis
6. Install Power Supply
7. Install the motherboard and chassis cable
8. Install Drive
9. Install the adapter card
10. Final Settlement

1. Preparation motherboard

Check your motherboard manual to find out the position of jumpers for CPU speed setting, speed multiplier and input voltage to the motherboard. Set the jumper setting according to the instructions, set the jumpers wrong voltage can damage the processor.

2. Installing processor

Easier processor motherboards occupy placed before casing. How to install the processor socket and the slot type socket berbeda.Jenis

1. Determine the position of pin 1 on the processor and the processor socket on the motherboard, usually located on the corner marked with a dot, triangle or curve.
2. Straighten locking lever position to open the socket.
3. Insert the processor into the socket by aligning the position of first legs with holes processor socket. Squeeze until there is no gap between the processor with the socket.
4. Lower the locking lever back.

Slot Type

1. Install buffer (bracket) at the two ends of a slot on the motherboard so that the peg hole position met with a hole in the motherboard
2. Enter the pegs and locking pin in the hole peg

Processor card tucked in between the brace and press to the right into the hole slot.

3. Install Heatsink

Heatsinks function is to remove the heat generated by the processor through the conduction of heat from the processor to optimize the transfer of heat heatsink.Untuk the heatsink must be fitted tightly on the top of the processor with a clip as a drag while the contacts on the heatsink surface coated conductor panas.Bila gene equipped with a fan heatsink then the fan power connector is connected to the fan connector on the motherboard.

4. Installing Memory Modules

Memory modules are installed sequentially from the smallest socket number. The order of installation can be seen from the diagram motherboard.Setiap types of memory modules SIMMs, DIMM and RIMM can be distinguished by the position of grooves on the sides and bottom of the modul.Cara install for each type of memory module as follows.

Type SIMMs

1. Adjust the position of grooves on the module with the bumps in the slot.
2. Insert the module with a sloping 45-degree angle to the slot
3. Push the module straight up in the slot, the locking lever on the slot will automatically lock the module.

Type DIMM and RIMM

How to install the DIMM and RIMM modules together and there is only one way that will not be reversed because there are two grooves as a guide. DIMM and RIMM difference in the position of the curve

1. Lay locking catches on the end slot
2. adjust the position of the curve on the connector module with bumps in the slot. and enter the module into the slot.
3. Hook lock automatically locks the module in the slot when the module is just installed.

5. Install the motherboard to the chassis

Motherboard mounted to the chassis with screws and seat (standoff). How to install as follows:

1. Determine the position of the hole for each holder of plastic and metal. Mounting holes for the metal (metal spacer) are marked with a ring on the edge of the hole.
2. Install metal or plastic holder on the tray casing in accordance with the position of each corresponding mounting hole on the motherboard.
3. Place the motherboard on the tray so that the head holder casing out of the hole on the motherboard. Place the lock screw on each metal holder.
4. Place the frame port I / O (I / O sheild) on the motherboard if any.
5. Place the tray casing which is mounted on the chassis and motherboard with a screw lock.

6. Install Power Supply

Several types of chassis is equipped with power supply. When the power supply has not included the way the installation as follows:

1. Enter the power supply on the shelf at the back of the casing. Connect the four locking screws.
2. Connect the power connector from the power supply to the motherboard. ATX power connector types have only one way of installation so as not to be reversed. For non-ATX type connectors with two separate cables then black ground must be placed side by side and mounted in the middle of the motherboard power connector. Connect the power cord for the fan, if you use the fan for cooling the CPU.

7. Install the motherboard and chassis cable

After the motherboard installed in the chassis next step is to install the cable I / O on the motherboard and the casing panels.

1. Connect the data cable for the floppy drive controller on a floppy connector on the motherboard
2. Connect the IDE cable connector to the primary and secondary IDE on the motherboard.
3. For non-ATX motherboard. Connect the serial cable and parallel port on the connector on the motherboard. Note the position of pin 1 to install.
4. On the back of the casing there is a hole to install an additional port types of non-slot. Open the lock plate screw holes covered lalumasukkan port to port connectors installed and put screws back.
5. When the mouse port not available at the back of the card casing mouse connectors must be installed and connected to the mouse connector on the motherboard.
6. Relations switch cable connector from the chassis front panel, LED, internal speakers and ports that were installed in front of the casing when the motherboard. Check your motherboard diagram to locate the right connectors.

8. Install Drive

The procedure to install the hard disk drive, floppy, CD ROM, CD-RW or DVD is the same as follows:

1. Pellet dislodged drive bay cover (space to drive on the casing)
2. Enter from the front drive bays with the first set the jumper settings (as master or slave) on the drive.
3. Adjust the position of screw holes in the drive and chassis and then install the drive retaining screws.
4. Connect the IDE cable connector to the drive and the connector on the motherboard (the connector is used first primary)
5. 1 samapai Repeat step 4 for each installation drive.
6. If the IDE cable connected to the du drive jumper settings make sure that the difference of the two first drive set as master and the other as slave.
7. Secondary IDE connector on the motherboard can be used to connect two additional drives.
8. Floppy drive is connected to a special connector on the motherboard floppy

Connect the power cable from the power supply to each drive

9. Install Card Adapter

A common adapter card is installed video card, sound, network, modem and SCSI adapters. Video card should generally be installed and installed before any other adapter card. How to install the adapter:

1. Hold the edge of the adapter card, avoid touching the electronic components or circuits. Press the card to plug right into the expansion slot on the motherboard
2. Place the retaining screw to the chassis card
3. Reconnect the internal cable to the card, if any.

10. Finishing

1. Replace the chassis cover by sliding
2. connect the cable from the power supply into the wall socket.
3. Connect the monitor to the video card port.
4. Connect the phone cable into the modem port if any.
5. Connect the keyboard cable connector and plug the mouse into the mouse port or serial poert (depending on the type of mouse).
6. Connect other external devices such as speakers, joystick, and microphone if there is to the appropriate port. Check the manual of the adapter cards to ensure the port location.


The new computer is assembled can be tested by running the BIOS setup program. How to do a test with the BIOS program as follows:

1. Turn on the monitor and system unit. Note the display monitor and the sound from the speakers.
2. Fost of the BIOS program will automatically detect the installed computer hardware. If there are errors then display a blank screen and the speaker sounds a beep on a regular basis as an indication of error codes. Check reference BIOS code to find an error indication is meant by the beep code.
3. If no error occurs then the monitor displays the execution of the POST program. BIOS interrupt key ekan according to the instructions on the screen to enter the BIOS setup program.
4. Check all the hardware detection by the BIOS setup program. Some settings may have changed in value, especially the capacity of hard drives and boot sequence.
5. Save changes to the settings and exit the BIOS setup.

After exit from the BIOS setup, the computer will load the Operating System with appropriate search order settings in the BIOS boot sequence. Insert Bootable Diskette or CD containing the operating system to drive the search.

Handling Problems

A common problem in computer assembly and handling, among others:

1. Computer or monitor is not lit, probably due to the switch or power cord not connected.
2. Card adapter is not detected due to the installation of not fitting into the card slot /

LED of the hard disk, floppy or CD burning continue due to wiring error or a pin connector that fits yet connected. Congratulations and Good Trying Helpful.

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